Prematurity Baby Tracking
Just as the follow-up is important in babies born at the expected time and with normal birth weight, it is as important or even more important in premature babies. The longer the duration of premature babies in intensive care and the more support, treatment and therapy they have received there, the more important this follow-up is.
In the neonatal unit, additional supportive treatments are provided for premature babies in the intensive care unit. The most well-known of these is the state of being kept in the tub. But respiratory therapies can be applied especially for babies born under 1000 grams. It is appropriate to follow up the development of babies who receive this type of additional treatment and therapy once a week or two weeks as prescribed by the doctor.
When monitoring the development of premature babies, their adjusted ages should be taken into consideration. The adjusted age is calculated as follows.
When the normal gestation period is accepted as 40 weeks, the difference between the birth week of the baby and the 40 weeks is adjusted by subtracting the baby from the calendar age.
Body measurements of premature babies can capture the body measurements of babies born on time. However, it may take up to 2-3 years for the neurological developmental difference to close.
Premature babies can gain 40-60 grams per day in the period called “Capture Growth” in the first months. 2000 gr. Nutrition can be supplemented by babies who are under the age of birth, as determined by the physician, with breast milk boosters or special transition foods when they go home.
Another important issue in premature babies is the development of eye and eye muscles and nerves. Babies born prematurely from 32 weeks of age should undergo an initial eye examination until 34 weeks of age at the latest, and then follow-up until retinal development is complete. Since the condition called “premature retinopathy” is an important problem that can also lead to blindness, it is important not to miss the eye control of the babies after leaving the house.
In premature babies, just like other babies, vaccines are important and should not be skipped.
From a very safe and sheltered environment such as the mother's womb to going into an intensive care environment with many different stimuli, having severe health problems, facing many painful and disturbing interventions, may cause stress in premature babies. For this reason, the features such as sensual contact and talking with each newborn baby are also very important for premature babies.
Parents should also be good observers in the process of development follow-up. They should consult a doctor or a development specialist who follows the differences they notice in their babies without losing time.