LOWER AND UPPER RESPIRATORY INFECTIONS IN CHILDREN
The upper respiratory tract, which is called the common cold colloquially, is frequently seen especially in young children. More than 200 diffirent viruses can cause common cold . Children usually have an upper respiratory tract infection between 5 and 8 times a year. As they grow up, upper respiratory tract infections can decrease to 2 to 4 times a year from the age of 6.
That's why families want to more about the upper respiratory tract. What is the upper respiratory tract? What are the symptoms? What are the treatment methods? As Ekol ENT Pediatric Health and Diseases Department, we tried to answer these questions.
What is Lower and Upper respiratory infections?
Upper respiratory tract infections are usually seen in winter and autumn, rather than in summer and spring. When it gets colder, children are more likely to be exposed to infection. The school and social environment increases the likelihood of exposure to the virus. The probability of the virus spreading also increases when the nasal mucosa is dry. Therefore, infections of the upper respiratory tract are less common in humid seasons. The upper respiratory tract begins to show its symptoms in 1 to 3 days after the virus got into the system. The duration of these infections, which can last between 1 and 2 weeks, may vary depending on the child's immune system and the virus the body receives.
In babies, this infection can cause difficulty in sleeping, restlessness and nasal congestion, while in some cases it can also cause vomiting and diarrhea. In older children, it can cause weakness, sneezing, nasal discharge, runny nose and nasal congestion.
The upper respiratory tract is contagious. It can be transmitted by sneezing and coughing. The way the virus transmitted is by spreading from person to person in drops. Direct contact to a person who also has upper respiratory tract causes this contagiousness. The virus can be transmitted not only through touch, but also through common objects.