Hayfever (Allergic Rhinitis)

HAY FEVER IN CHILDREN INCREASES THE RISK OF ASTHMA IN OLDER AGES

Allergic rhinitis is an allergic disease of the inner nose. It generally manifests as sneezing, running nose, itching in the nose, itching and redness in the eyes. It is classified as an important respiratory disease in children due to the harmful effect on life and school performance and the presence of other concomitant conditions.

As hay fever (Allergic Rhinitis), children have sinusitis, ear infections, swollen lymph nodes, and tonsils and eczema.

CHILD HEALTH AND DISEASES CLINIC

In countries with a high level of welfare, it is seen in children between 20 and 40 percent. Although it is mostly diagnosed around the age of 6, its symptoms may appear in infancy.

Having a family history of allergies is a risk factor. The risk increases in children at the beginning of nutrition in early infancy, especially in children who are under one year old, whose mothers are heavily smokers, and those who are heavily exposed to closed allergens.

Hay fever can be seasonal or persist throughout the year. Trees scatter pollen in spring, weeds in summer, and weeds in late summer. In mild climates, mold spores stay outdoors in the summer, while in hot climates persist throughout the year. Seasonal allergy symptoms end when the weather gets cold. Continuous allergic rhinitis and dust mites, animal hair, mice and cockroaches are associated with indoor allergens.

Allergic rhinitis can be confused with the common cold. “Allergic rhinitis findings can often be ignored. Upper respiratory infection can be confused with a cold. Allergic rhinitis should be suspected if there is headache, cold, spring and summer.

Allergic rhinitis in a child increases the risk of asthma at older ages.

Nose itching in children can lead to reddening of the face, nosebleeds with rapid sniffing and sweeping. Patients' complaints are nasal congestion, transparent leak in the nose, sneezing and watery and redness of the eyes.

In children with hay fever, they often rub their noses upwards. In this way, they both reduce itching and keep their nostrils open for a while.

Patients lose their sense of smell and taste. There may be a blockage in the ears. Nasal congestion is severe at night. Due to nasal congestion, patient begins to breathe through the mouth and as a result snore. The difficulty in snoring and breathing causes sleep to be irregular. Sleep disturbance lowers the quality of flat life.

Headache, wheezing, cough may also accompany. Patients may have cracked lips and purple circles under the eyes due to nasal congestion. Structural anomalies are also caused by these complaints besides allergic rhinitis. Adenoid enlargement, foreign bodies inserted into the nose by children, curvatures in the nasal bone structure, nasal tumors may also cause nasal congestion and discharge. Also, nasal eosinophilia test, in which the percentage of allergy is measured, is used.

Allergy test must be done. Except for physical examination and history, allergy skin tests or total IG and specific IgE in the blood should be done for diagnosis. Any anti allergic medicines used should be stopped  a week before the allergy test. Reducing the complaints is the goal of treatment. Medical treatment, oral allergy medication, nasal sprays can be used as recommended by your doctor.

During the pollen seasons, it is necessary to keep children away as long as possible from the green areas. Sunglasses and mask should be used. After open environments, the child should be showered.

Allergen proof products can be covered on the bed, pillow and covers of the patient. Sheets should be washed with hot water (55 degrees) every week.

Pets should be removed from the house. Plush, woolen toys and carpets should not be kept in the room.

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