Eczema in Children
What is Eczema?
Atopic dermatitis, more commonly known as eczema, is a common skin condition. This disease may be mild or the skin is so dry that it cracks, bleeds or becomes infected. Most children experience an itchy skin rash at some point in childhood. eczema becomes in about one in 10 children.The causes of eczema are unknown, but some foods are thought to be a combination between genetics and trigger, which may be seasonal or environmental allergies, stress, hormones, and weather. Diagnosis of eczema can be misleading because every child has a unique combination of symptoms that can vary in severity and there is no test for definitive diagnosis. Diagnosis of eczema can be misleading because every child has a unique combination of symptoms that can vary in severity and there is no test for definitive diagnosis. If you suspect your child has eczema, consult your pediatrician. They will do a physical exam and help you to identify things that can cause skin irritation in your child's environment. Eczema is not contagious, consequently there is no need to keep a child who has eczema away from kindergarten or school.
Eczema symptoms typically appear in the first few months of life and almost before a child is 5 years old. More than half of children with eczema will appear more when they are young. Children with eczema who are 2 or 6 months old have itchy, dry, red skin and small bumps. These eczema symptoms can appear on their cheeks, forehead, or scalp. It can spread to the arms, legs, and trunk. It appears on the elbows, behind the knees, on the back of the ankles . Eczema symptoms are getting worse or getting better in time. For many children, it begins to heal at the age of 5 or 6; Others can last until adolescence and early adulthood. In most situations, eczema goes into remission and symptoms can disappear completely for months or even years.
How Is Eczema Treated?
There is no treatment which is known.However, your child's doctor may prescribe a topical corticosteroid, also known as cortisone and steroid creams or ointments, which are commonly used to treat eczema. These eczema creams are usually applied to the affected area twice a day. You can continue using these corticosteroids for the period recommended by your doctor. These creams and ointments may be strong, so do not apply topical corticosteroids to anyone else.Your doctor may recommend non-steroidal drugs instead of topical steroids. These can also be prescribed an oral or topical antibiotic to prevent or treat antihistamines or common secondary infections in children with eczema to help control itching .
How Can You Help Your Child About Eczema?
- Avoid hot showers that dry the skin.
- Use warm water and mild soap during the bath
- Gently dry your skin instead of rubbing or towel
- Avoid fabrics that may irritate your skin, including wool or coarse knitwear
- Choose breathable materials such as cotton.