DIARRHEA AND GASTROENTERITIS IN CHILDREN
Diarrhea is a common infectious condition, especially in the summer, in both children and adults. It is important to take early precautions, especially since it causes fluid loss and does not cause health problems.
What Is Diarrhea?
Diarrhea is a condition in which the stool that is felt with the deterioration of bowel movements is in a runny manner. Babies under 3 months can defecate 7 to eight times a day due to breast milk and formula. Runny defecation during this time is considered normal. However, in infants and children older than 3 months, more than three defecations per day are called diarrhea. Since diarrhea causes fluid loss, it is especially dangerous in children.
Diarrhea may have more than one cause, but environmental factors are generally cited as causes. Treatment of diarrhea with different levels is also related to its level.
Symptoms of Diarrhea
When the symptoms of diarrhea are seen, a doctor who is an expert in his field should be examined and treatment should be started according to the diagnosis.
- Defecation is watery and / or runny
- The need to go to the toilet constantly
- Difficulty holding the large toilet
- Intense pain in the abdomen and intestine
- Dry mouth
- Gas felt in the abdomen
- Causes of Diarrhea
The cause of diarrhea is mostly microbes and bacteria. At the same time, intestinal diseases can cause diarrhea. After a detailed examination, the cause of diarrhea can be revealed.
Hot weather causes bacteria to multiply rapidly. Therefore, diarrhea is more common in summer than in winter. Bacteria in the water and food-borne bacteria can also disrupt diarrhea. Parasites, side effects of drugs, use of laxatives are among the causes of diarrhea. Apart from all these reasons, inflammatory and irritative bowel diseases can also disrupt the functioning of the intestine and cause diarrhea.
Particular attention should be paid to the storage conditions of the food in the summer. Germs and bacteria increase in foods left in the heat and foods stored in places where conditions are not suitable. It is inconvenient for children to consume such foods and may cause diarrhea when consumed.
Treatment of Diarrhea in Children
It causes fluid loss according to the diarrhea level. If fluid loss is advanced, it can cause serious health problems. Along with fluid loss, salt loss may occur in the body. In this case, it is recommended that the child suffering from diarrhea ingest fluids and continue eating healthy without cutting.
Diarrhea is examined at three levels, mild, moderate and advanced, and treatment methods are preferred according to the level of diarrhea. If mild diarrhea is diagnosed, vomiting fever is not observed. In these cases, attention should be paid to consuming liquids. In moderate diarrhea diagnoses, measures can be taken with diarrhea kits. In advanced diarrhea, it is recommended to consult a specialist doctor immediately so that diarrhea does not cause other health problems caused by fluid and salt loss.
How Can I Protect My Child From Diarrhea?
Since diarrhea is a common condition in children, parents are wondering how to protect their children from diarrhea. You can protect your child from diarrhea by reading the suggestions we wrote below.
In summer, complaints of diarrhea are more common. Especially in holiday regions, both children and adulthood may experience diarrhea. The reason for this are the foods that are not stored in healthy conditions, and common areas such as sea and pool. You should make sure that you have a holiday where the sea and pool water is clean and that the food is stored under necessary storage conditions.
You should check the expiration dates of the foods you consume and make sure that they are not damaged. In meals cooked with drinking water, germs can be caught as the water has a high bacteria rate.
One way to prevent diarrhea is to take care of personal hygiene. Hands should be washed frequently and attention should be paid to hygiene. It is also important to use clean public toilets outside.