Allergies and asthma start in childhood and continue throughout life. Although both cannot be cured, they can be kept under control with a proper treatment.
When Should You Be Suspected Of Allergies?
Some allergies need to be identified by symptoms that follow exposure to a particular substance. Others, however, may be hidden. Here are some common tips that can show that your child may have an allergy.
Recurrent or chronic cold symptoms that last more than a week or two at the same time each year.
- Runny nose
- Nasal congestion
- Runny and itchy eyes
- Itching or tingling mouth and throat.
- Itching is not usually a complaint of a cold, but it is characteristic of an allergy problem.
- Cough, wheezing, difficulty in breathing and other respiratory symptoms. Redness, itchiness, dryness and sometimes exfoliation can be seen on the skin, wrists and ankles.
These rashes are the most common chronic inflammatory skin disease (Eczema) in children. Although it's definitely not an allergic disease, eczema in young children has many of its sypmtoms and is often a sign that hay fever and asthma may develop. Eczema rate is increasing all over the world as in asthma. In cases where asthma is rare, the rate of eczema is also low.
When Should You Be Suspected of Asthma?
Although allergies and asthma are often together, they are actually different. Asthma is a chronic condition that begins in the lungs. Allergies are reactions that start in the immune system. Not everyone with allergies will have asthma, but most people with asthma have allergies.The respiratory tract of a typical child with asthma is inflated, making them extremely sensitive. When they come into contact with asthma, “triggering” (causing an asthma attack) reacts excessively with narrowing.
Many different substances and events can trigger an asthma attack;
-Some kind of smoke
In fact, about 80 percent of children with asthma also have allergies, and allergens for them are usually the most common asthma triggers.
Common Allergens at Home and School
In the fall, many indoor allergens cause problems for children because they stay at home and at school for a long time.
Dust: Particles from other allergens such as pollen, mold and animal dandruff.
Fungi: These are too small to be seen with the bare eyes
Hairy animals: Cats, dogs, rabbits and other pets
Clothes and toys: Made, cut or stuffed with animal hair
Latex: Household and school items such as rubber gloves, toys, balloons; elastic in socks, underwear and other clothing
Checking Allergy Symptoms
If possible, it is useful to use air conditioner to reduce pollen exposure both in your home and in your car.
Molds are seen in the spring and late summer, especially around the rotted vegetation.
Children with mold allergies should avoid playing in dead leaf piles in the fall. Dust mites are collected where there is plenty of food for them (for example, scabs of human skin). This is most often found in furniture, bedding and rugs.
Consulting Your Child's Pediatrician
Your child's allergy and/or asthma treatment should begin with your pediatrician. If necessary, your pediatrician can also refer you to a pediatric allergy specialist for additional treatments, depending on how severe the child's symptoms are. Although there are over-the-counter antihistamines, decongestants and nasal sprays, it's important to consult a pediatrician over the years to make sure that your child's allergies and asthma are properly diagnosed and symptoms are treated appropriately.