Asthma is a recurrent disease which can cure spontaneously or with treatment. The symptoms of this disease are wheezing, rustling and shortness of breath.
Basically, there is a sudden occlusion of the bronchi and then it can be opened by itself or with treatment.
Why occurs Asthma in children?
In childhood Asthma is %90 alergic origin. Asthma symptoms may occur as a result of contact with stimuli such as sensitivity of the domestic allergens in the bronchi, cold weather, exercise, respiratory tract infections, chemical odors, air pollution and cigarette smoke. In addition to this ,if the children exposure to the allergic substance,this may also cause symptoms of cough, wheezing, and shortness of breath,as well.
If the children have a diagnosis of asthma, it may give symptoms in the first two years of their life.
At this age, due to the development of the lungs has not been completed yet, small air canals diameters are narrow, cartilage tissue is low.Consequently, this contributes to recurrent bronchial narrowing. With the completion of the development of the lungs at the age of 4-5 years, the disease heals in many children who show signs of asthma at an early age.
A group of patients who do not heal and some of the children who are diagnosed late ,also enter a period of clinical healing in adolescence. In general, approximately 50-60% of patients are diagnosed who have asthma get better in puberty.
Some of the recovered cases may start to show symptoms of disease again in middle age. In children who have allergies, asthma is less likely to disappear as the age progresses.
How is Asthma diagnosed in children?
The most valuable diagnostic tool in diagnosing asthma is the story of complaints. The presence of symptoms of cough, wheezing, wheezing and / or shortness of breath, and the disappearance of these symptoms with bronchial treatment or spontaneously, but reappear after a while, are factors that suggest asthma. Cough episodes that persist for about 30 minutes after bedtime or in the morning and respond positively to bronchial dilatation medications should also be considered asthma until to rebute. In the consultation of the doctors, the findings of the bronchial narrowing in the lungs supports the diagnosis.
How is Asthma Treated in Children?
As in all allergic diseases, first-line treatment in asthma is to stay away from the allergic substance. It is possible to reduce the symptoms of disease and hypersensitivity in the bronchi significantly with environmental measures to be taken in line with appropriate recommendations. In the patients whose environmental precautions are not sufficient and drug treatment is deemed appropriate, drugs in the form of a spray are used, which are drawn into the lungs by air and treat the bronchi. These can be divided into two as anti-attack drugs and only bronchial relaxants used during disease exacerbations by reducing the bronchial sensitivity caused by allergies. Many of the drugs which prevent revolutionary attacks in the treatment of asthma in recent years have low-dose cortisone. However, these cortisones are very low blood mixing rates and they do not cause side effects of cortisone when used at the appropriate dosage. Asthma symptoms are minimized with these medicines, which are the only option to prevent permanent damage to the bronchi by allergies. However, it should be known that treatment with these drugs cannot completely eradicate the disease. Most children are effective as long as they are given sprays, and when they stop, symptoms reappear.